The Wall Of The Plague
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The newly established sanitation board made a series of recommendations to maintain the health of the city.
The Wall of the Plague
They established a bureaucracy to maintain the health of Marseilles. In addition to protecting the city from exterior vulnerabilities, the sanitation board sought to build a public infrastructure. The first public hospital of Marseilles was also built during this time period, and was given a full-sized staff of doctors and nurses.
Additionally, the sanitation board was responsible for the accreditation of local doctors. Citing the vast amount of misinformation that propagates during a plague, the sanitation board sought to, at a minimum, provide citizens with a list of doctors who were believed to be credible. The sanitation board was one of the first executive bodies formed by the city of Marseilles. It was staffed to support the board's increasing responsibilities.
The Sanitation Board established a three-tiered control and quarantine system. Members of the board inspected all incoming ships and gave them one of three "bills of health". A delegation of members of the sanitation board was to greet every incoming ship.
The delegation also inspected all the cargo, crew and passengers, looking for signs of possible disease. If the team saw signs of disease, the ship was not allowed to land at a Marseilles dock. The criteria for the lazarets were ventilation to drive off what was thought to be the miasma of disease , be near the sea to facilitate communication and pumping of water to clean, and to be isolated yet easily accessible.
Even a clean bill of health for a ship required a minimum of 18 days' quarantine at the off island location.
The Wall of the Plague
The lazarettos were also classified in relation to bills of health given to the ship and individuals. With a clean bill, a crewman went to the largest quarantine site, which was equipped with stores and was large enough to accommodate many ships and crews at a time. If crew were believed subject to a possibility of plague, they were sent to the more isolated quarantine site, which was built on an island off the coast of the Marseille harbor.
The crew and passengers were required to wait there for 50 to 60 days to see if they developed any sign of plague. Once crews served their time, they were allowed into the city in order to sell their goods and enjoy themselves prior to departure. This great outburst of plague was the last recurrence of a pandemic of bubonic plague , following the devastating episodes which began in the early-fourteenth century with the Black Death.
The vessel had departed from Sidon in Lebanon , having previously called at Smyrna , Tripoli , and plague-ridden Cyprus. A Turkish passenger was the first to be infected and soon died, followed by several crew members and the ship's surgeon. The ship was refused entry to the port of Livorno.
When it arrived at Marseille, it was promptly placed under quarantine in the lazaret by the port authorities. It was also expanding its trade with other areas of the Middle East and emerging markets in the New World. Powerful city merchants needed the silk and cotton cargo of the ship for the great medieval fair at Beaucaire and pressured authorities to lift the quarantine. A few days later, the disease broke out in the city.
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Hospitals were quickly overwhelmed, and residents panicked, driving the sick from their homes and out of the city. Mass graves were dug but were quickly filled. We guarantee the condition of every book as it's described on the Abebooks web sites. If you've changed your mind about a book that you've ordered, please use the Ask bookseller a question link to contact us and we'll respond within 2 business days.
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Payment Methods accepted by seller. AbeBooks Bookseller Since: 11 February Brink The Wall of the Plague. Brink Published by Faber and Faber, Used Condition: Near Fine Hardcover. Save for Later. About this Item A near fine copy, in a fine unclipped dust jacket, of the first UK edition.